|The CAM-I Model Alternative views from Martin and The CAM-I Conceptual Design. - See Figure 8-13||
Johnson’s Model based on six elements as
interpreted by Martin -
See Figure 8-12
Brimson’s Model from Chapter C-1, Handbook of Cost Management
|Turney’s Model from his book Common Cents||Campi’s Model from Journal of Cost Management article 1992|
1-6 connected for cost management, i.e., CMS Figure
8-14 or from the CAM-I Conceptual Design document:
1. Activity accounting.
2. Strategic planning.
3. Life cycle management including target costing.
4. Performance measures and
5. Investment management.
The CAM-I conceptual design also includes the concept of continuous improvement and tools such as target costing. See the CAM-I pages for more details.
1. Define Activities.
2. Identify drivers and activity measures.
3. Assign costs to activities.
4. Assign costs from activities to cost objects.
5. Develop performance measurements.
6. Manage processes and work. Activity costing = 1+ 2 + 3 Activity based product costing = 1+ 2 + 3 + 4 Activity management = 1 + 2 + 5 + 6 Emphasis: Disconnect accounting information (3 and 4) from managing processes. Manage processes not costs.
1. Uses ABC as the major source of information.
2. Cost driver analysis.
3. Activity analysis.
4. Key Performance measurement.
5. Includes a continuous improvement perspective (see Exhibit C1.1):
Activity analysis (using organization and process maps), benchmarking, improvement identification, planned improvements, implementation, control of processes, activity based budgeting and earned value reporting.
1. Strategic analysis.
2. Value analysis.
3. Cost analysis.
4. Activity-based budgeting.
5. Life-cycle costing.
6. Target costing.
1. Activity based costing.
2. Total quality management.
4. Continuous flow manufacturing.
5. Employee empowerment.
6. Cellular manufacturing.
7. Focused factories.